Glossary of Design Terms

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ICC

International Color Consortium. An association formed in 1993 by eight industry vendors in order to create a universal color management system that would function across all operating systems and software packages. This was achieved by defining a format for color profiles, also called ICC profiles.

InDesign

Also called Adobe InDesign. A layout and typesetting program developed and distributed by Adobe Systems. The program rapidly replaced QuarkXPress as the leading design layout software soon after it’s release in the late 90’s and is now a staple of virtually any design studio. It integrates with other Adobe design software such as Photoshop, Illustrator and Dreamweaver (program for creating HTML websites).

industrial design

A combination of applied art and applied science, whereby the aesthetics and usability of produced products are improved for marketability and production. The role of an industrial designer is to create and execute design solutions toward problems of form, usability, user ergonomics, engineering, marketing, brand development and sales. Industrial design deals with form /structure as distinguished from graphics.

injection molding

A manufacturing process where liquefied plastic is injected into a steel or aluminum mold where it immediately solidifies into the shape of the mold cavity. Injection molding is used to create many things such as wire spools, packaging, bottle caps, automotive dashboards, pocket combs and most other plastic products available today. It is the most common method of part manufacturing and is ideal for producing high volumes of the same object.

input device

Any device responsible for sending information to the processor in a computer as distinguished from devices which output information from the processor. Input devices include such things as the keyboard, mouse, scanners and digital cameras. Compare to output device.

input device profile

This is a profile that describes what colors an input device is capable of capturing or scanning. You will find this kind of profile on a digital camera or scanner. For scanner profiles, some photographers create separate profiles for each type or brand of film scanned on a scanner.

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